A colonoscopy is a safe and effective procedure that enables visual inspection of the large intestine (distal colon) and rectum. This procedure is considered the gold standard to diagnose and treat colon diseases such as colon cancer, polyps, inflammatory intestinal disease among other abnormalities in the colon.
In a Colonoscopy...
A flexible tube (colonoscope) is inserted into the rectum. A tiny video camera at
the end of the tube, this camara is connected to a computer that stores an enable us to print color images selected during the procedure.
It may be necessary to remove, polyps or other types of abnormal tissue, during a colonoscopy.
Tissue samples (biopsies) can also be taken during a colonoscopy.
When is a colonoscopy recommended?
Screen for colon diseases , It is recommended in asymptomatic patients but with
average-risks adults for colon cancer. Adults of 45 years of age or more should screen for colon
cancer at least once every 10 years.
Diagnostic, it is recommended in symptomatic patients or with a previously positive
imaging exam like a barium enema
To monitor patients with a previously diagnose colon disease.
Diarrhea of unknown origin
Unexplained digestive bleeding
Anemia of unknown origin
For a colonoscopy to be effective it is necessary to prepare the bowel.
We will ask you to follow a liquid diet 3 days prior to the procedure
We may ask you to take laxatives
It is necessary to stop taking aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, iron (pills or liquid) or other
medications a few days prior to the procedure.